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Indian Candy

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  • Indian Candy

    I have posted my smoking instructions before, but now that there is a specific recipe section I will post it here as well.

    Traditionally Indian Candy is hot smoked. I prefer mine with a lower temperature smoke. I also prefer to dry brine my fish. It is more time consuming, but the effort is well worth it. The same dry cure can be used to make awesome fish jerky, with a few modifications. Try my recipe and see if you agree.

    Mix a 1kg bag of Rogers Demerara or Rogers Best Brown sugar with 7/8 cup of coarse pickling salt. Buy 2 bags of brown sugar in case you need more mix. I have found the Rogers Best Brown sugar dissolves better when using dry brine, so I prefer it. Do not add more than 1 cup of salt, or result will be too salty.

    I cut the Salmon several different ways for Indian Candy, try different methods to see which you prefer. It is much easier to cut the Salmon pieces while still partially frozen. De-bone and skin salmon, remove all dark meat before smoking. I cut some pieces into small nuggets approximately 1" in size. Other pieces I cut larger, usually 2" wide, 6" long and 1.5" thick. This brine also produces excellent salmon jerky. If you want to try some Salmon jerky, cut 2" wide, 6" long strips 1/4" thick. Do not use belly strips for jerky as it is too fatty.

    Cover the bottom of 8"x 8" Tupperware container with 1/4 inch of salt/sugar mix. Put larger pieces on the bottom layer. Cover bottom layer with another 1/4 inch of brine mix. Continue layering Salmon and brine mix till all Salmon is covered. Place Salmon in refrigerator while brining process continues. The brine mix will quickly begin to draw liquid out of the Salmon. This will form a thick liquid brine that will cure the fish to a very firm consistency. Once the liquid has formed, spices and flavorings may be added to the brine. I usually add crushed fresh garlic (8 cloves), crushed peppercorns (small palm full), grated fresh ginger (2 tsp), grated zest of 1 orange, and half a teaspoon of hot red chili pepper flakes, 1/2 tsp cayenne. Extra flavorings are a matter of personal taste. Add as many or few of your favorite flavorings that you prefer. I also like to add about 4 oz of dark rum to the brine once the fish has already firmed up. Don't add large quantities of liquid flavorings. This will water down the brine or change the salt/sugar ratio. Soya sauce will make the brine more liquidy, as well as being high in salt content, so I wouldn't recommend it.

    With experience you will be able to judge exactly when the fish is cured sufficiently. You should stir the fish every four hours or so, to ensure even brining. I prefer to leave the fish in the brine until the meat is well jelled. The meat should no longer be squishy, but you don't want it to get too hard. Very thin slices, such as jerky should be left in the brine approximately a day. Thicker slices should be left in brine for 2 days. Each piece may be ready at different times depending on thickness. Check regularly to ensure that pieces are not becoming over brined.

    Once the fish has reached the desired consistency remove it from the brine. This is not a very salty brine, so you can leave the syrupy coating on. If you prefer, rinse lightly with water and place on racks to dry. I bought racks at a cooking supply store with small 1/2 inch grid that will hold the smallest pieces without falling through. I place the Salmon nuggets on these racks. Leave the fish to dry until nice glossy coating forms on the fish. This may take several hours, or if you have the room, place the fish on racks in the fridge until the evening. I don't like my fish hot smoked that often, so I will describe the process I use to smoke at a lower temperature. I use a big chief, which normally isn't that good for cold smoking. Follow my tips and you can still use an aluminum smoker to produce a cold smoke, as long as the outside temperature isn't too high.

    Wait till after dinner when the temperature is beginning to drop. Plug in smoker, place racks of fish in smoker. Thickest pieces go on bottom rack, thinnest on top. You don't want to raise the temperature of the fish too quickly. Place an object the same height as the bottom of the smoker door in front of smoker. Prop the door to the smoker open at the bottom approximately 1 inch. This will ensure that the temperature of the fish rises slowly. Do not add any chips yet. Let the fish warm in smoker for an hour to an hour and a half. By now, if it's fall or winter the temperature outside should be getting cold. Now, fill the pan half full with Alder smoker chips and place in the smoker. You can close the smoker door fully now, and let the chips burn for an hour and a half to two hours. Don't put another half pan of chips in before an hour and a half. This is very important. Don't fill the chip pan more than half full, or refill too soon or the temperature will rise too high. If the temperature outside is freezing you don't have to worry as much about the smoker becoming too hot.

    Three pans of smoker chips will probably be enough to smoke flavor most fish. More pans will give a darker finish to the fish, which is more eye appealing. Cherry wood is also good in addition to Alder chips for smoking. Overnight is usually sufficient to smoke most fish. Unfortunately, chips may need to be added during the wee hours of the morning to keep the temperature low. If further drying is necessary during daylight hours, use smoker chips sparingly. Using smoker chips during the day may result in the temperature rising too high. The smoking time required varies with the thickness of the fish and the degree of moisture the fish contained prior to smoking. The consistency and dryness of the smoked product is a matter of personal preference. Every one seems to prefer the consistency a little different. I prefer to smoke mine so that it is a little hard on the outside but still moist inside.

    Jerky is the exception, you obviously want to dehydrate jerky much further. It would take a long time to dry jerky by my method. Therefore, a few modifications are necessary. If you prefer your jerky a little spicier, coat it with cracked pepper and cayenne before placing on the racks and smoking. Smoke the jerky overnight the same as outlined for the Indian Candy. In the morning the jerky should be considerably drier, but shouldnít need any more smoke flavoring. To speed up the drying process, remove the jerky from the smoker and place in the oven. Turn on the oven to 150 degrees, but prop the door open an inch. Cook the jerky in the oven till it is almost as dry as you like. It will harden further when removed from the oven, so be careful not to dry too long. Fat will probably rise to the surface during the jerky drying process. Use a paper towel to absorb any fat accumulating on the jerky. The jerky should be dry on the surface to prevent spoilage. However, I donít think spoilage will be a problem. My kids usually devour the jerky before it is a couple of days old.

    Finishing Glaze for Indian Candy:

    If you want a really sweet Indian Candy, glaze the salmon with the following syrup. Heat 4oz red wine and 4oz dark rum, in a sauce pan. Add 2cups brown sugar, 1cup honey, (or maple syrup), stir until dissolved. Freshly ground pepper or cayenne may be added if you prefer a little extra spiciness. Glaze may be brushed on several or more times during the smoking process. Alternately, you may remove salmon from smoker halfway through smoking and soak fish for several hours before resuming smoking. There is also another way to give the Salmon lover with a sweet tooth what they crave. Simply place the smoked Salmon into this syrup and leave it to absorb in the fridge. When you remove the smoked fish from this gooey syrup it will truly taste like Candy. if you pack the smoked Salmon in the finishing glaze after smoking don't leave it in more than a day unless you want to dry the Salmon a little more. The sugar content will suck more moisture out of the smoked fish even without the salt content. I donít know how long this fish will keep when glazed like this. Once everyone tastes this Salmon you wonít be able to smoke it fast enough.

  • #2
    Looks good big guy. I will have to try your recipe this summer. The only detail I would add to your process is if you are going to add spices like cracked pepper(I usually do a mixture of cracked pepper, fresh rosemary and crushed dried juniper berries) I would do it at a point in the drying stage where the pellicle is not quite formed yet--when the surface of your salmon is tacky from drying brine. Your spices will stick nicely at that point as your brine drys completely.

    No Rigours
    Fish worship--is it wrong?


    • #3
      That's the beauty of cooking, every one is free to customise the recipe to their own preferences. As long as you don't make drastic changes I think you will find this recipe produces very high quality smoked salmon.

      Some other tips that you may feel like using:

      Leave the racked fish to dry in the fridge for a full day after brining. This improves the finish as well as the taste of the smoked product in my opinion. Adds another day to the processing time, but I often do this if there is room in the fridge.

      By morning, if the smoked Salmon has dried to the texture you prefer, but doesn't have as much smoke flavoring as you like. You can cheat and add "liquid smoke" to the finishing glaze. Liquid smoke is available in most large supermarkets. Add a little bit at a time, as it is quite concentrated. Soak smoked Salmon in smoke flavored finishing glaze for a day. This will give the Salmon a heavier smoked flavor without risking raising the tempurature too high by smoking durring the warm daylight hours.


      • #4
        I want to thank you for posting the recipe for the Indian Candy. I spent the last couple of days making it and my god is it good.I cold smoked it at about 60 degrees for 10 hours. I now have another reason to catch fish. []


        • #5
          You are very welcome Brisco. Glad to see someone gave it a try and liked it. There is a lot of time and preparation involved with this method, but I think everybody will find it worthwhile once they taste the results.


          • #6
            Thanks, just got up this morning to a nice rack of indian candy on my smoker worked well.


            • #7
              Glad to hear it worked well Mornin Chubby.

              Has anyone tried the jerky method yet? I must admit, I only made it because my kids bugged me to. I never thought I'd like Salmon jerky, until I tried it this way. This method produces jerky far superior to any beef jerky I have ever bought. Dry a bag of this Salmon jerky and crack a nice cold beer and you won't want to stop till it's all gone. It's really that good, I had no idea fish jerky could be that good.


              • #8
                Great recipe

                Out to be good for a nice root canal in a month or so


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                • #9
                  All sounds great-super tips-I agree with the extra drying time although the extra day can seem like an eternity so I use a fair size fan which really decreases the drying and set-up time.I just set up the racks in a cool garage or shop and let the fan waft over the fish -usually set-up really well in 2-3 hours.
                  [ATTACH=CONFIG]temp_18057_1446324525535_776[/ATTACH]"So many fish-So little time"


                  • #10
                    Just did a batch- rave revues-definetly a keeper recipe-thanks!
                    [ATTACH=CONFIG]temp_18057_1446324525535_776[/ATTACH]"So many fish-So little time"


                    • #11
                      quote:Originally posted by spring fever

                      Just did a batch- rave revues-definetly a keeper recipe-thanks!
                      Thanks Spring Fever, always nice to hear that someone appreciated the recipe.

                      Another tip:

                      You can also drizzle molasses between the layers of salt/sugar cure as well. For the old timers that grew up with molasses as an often used ingredient. I enjoy the flavor of molasses and add it to my brines sometimes.


                      • #12
                        Here's a good YouTube video on candied:



                        • #13
                          7/8 cup salt and 1 1/2 bags Demerera. That's the combo.
                          Spray the racks with Pam. Use lots of paper towels.
                          Thinner pieces on top.
                          Perfect smoking weather. I'm sure ther's a few going.


                          • #14
                            I followed The Big Guy's method fairly closely. It was really good. I am not done tinkering with it yet, but I have confidence making salmon candy now.


                            • #15
                              Really nice recipe. Spices are more important in every Indian recipe.
                              White water rafting in kolad